Scale: Hemingway Measure of Adolescent Connectedness (MAC) — Connectedness to Peers subscale
What it measures:
- A youth’s positive feelings of connection with his/her peers.
Intended age range: 11- to 18-year-olds (grades 6—12); versions for pre-adolescents (grades 3-6) and college students are also available.
Brief description: This measure consists of 6 items that assess the extent to which the youth feels positive about his or her peers and enjoys working with peers on projects and school-related tasks. Sample items include: “I like pretty much all of the other kids in my grade,” “I like working with my classmates,” and “I get along well with the other students in my classes.” Each item is rated on a 5-point scale: Not at all, Not really, Sort of, True, or Very true.
Rationale: This measure was selected because of its grounding in theory, wide developmental applicability, evidence of reliability and validity, and potential for improvement through mentoring (i.e., significant impacts on this outcome in an evaluation of a school-based mentoring program).
Cautions: The items in this measure are focused solely on children’s connectedness to peers at school rather than to peers more generally-and youth may function differently in these two contexts.
Special administration information: None.
How to score: Each item is scored on a 5-point scale from 1 (Not at all) to 5 (Very true). The item “My classmates often bother me” is a reverse coded item. A total score is computed by averaging across all items.
How to interpret findings: Higher scores reflect stronger connectedness to peers at school.
Alternatives: Those interested in a measure of peer acceptance might consider the Peer Affiliation and Social Acceptance (PASA) measure. It is a single item administered to a child, mother, father, or teacher and has demonstrated a moderate association with peer-rated acceptance. More information on this measure is available here.
Citation: Karcher, M. J. & Sass, D. (2010). A multicultural assessment of adolescent connectedness: Testing measurement invariance across gender and ethnicity. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57, 274–289. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0019357