Scale: EPOCH Measure of Adolescent Well-Being – Perseverance Scale

What it measures:

  • A youth’s reported perseverance or persistence in completing tasks.

Intended age range: 10- to 18-year-olds.

Brief description: This scale consists of 4 items assessing youth’s ability to pursue tasks to completion. Sample items include: “I finish whatever I begin” and “Once I make a plan to get something done, I stick to it.” Youth respond on a five-point scale. Responses for the first two items are: Almost never, Sometimes, Often, Very often, or Almost always. Responses for the last two items are: Not at all like me, A little like me, Somewhat like me, Mostly like me, or Very much like me.

Rationale: This measure was selected based on its brevity, promising evidence of reliability and validity, and support for use with diverse populations of youth.

Cautions: None.

Special administration information: None.

How to score: Each item is scored on a 5-point scale from 1 (Almost never or Not at all like me) to 5 (Almost always or Very much like me). The total score is computed by averaging across all items.

How to interpret findings: A higher score reflects greater youth perceptions of his or her ability to persevere in completing a task or achieving a goal.

Access and permissions: The scale is available for non-commercial use with no charge, after registering here. The Perseverance Scale is provided here. The full EPOCH measure is available here.

Alternatives: A construct related to perseverance is grit. Grit has been conceptualized as one’s sustained interest in and efforts toward achieving a long-term goal. Angela Duckworth’s 8-item Grit scale intended for use with children is available here.

Citation: Kern, M. L., Benson, L., Steinberg, E. A., & Steinberg, L. (2016). The EPOCH Measure of Adolescent Well-Being. Psychological Assessment, 28, 586-597.


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